2006 Updates: Keeping Patriots in Shape
In a September 2005 article, DID covered total awards under a cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for Patriot anti-air missile system engineering services, along with dates/amounts of each award in FY 2004-2005. We’ve brought that list forward, and we’ll be updating it as new FY 2006 engineering services contracts roll in. We’ll also use this post as an updated hub for other Patriot SAM related contracts in calendar year 2006.
Following are the engineering support contract listings from 2004-present, and other contracts and key events related to the Patriot missile. Related material include FY/CY 2007 coverage and other 2006 contracts and key events.
Patriot Missile Engineering Services Contracts
The current US standard for new Patriot Missiles is the PAC-3 (Patriot Advanced Capability 3). While the PAC-3 missile is as long as previous versions, it’s thinner and weighs only 30% as much (688 vs. 2,000 pounds) because it uses a “hit-to-kill” approach instead of the PAC-2’s large fragmentation warhead. The PAC-3 thus packs more missiles per launcher (16 instead of 4), and its enhanced capabilities allow it to be used for point defense against ballistic missiles.
MissileThreat notes that in 2002 Raytheon completed a separate upgrade of the PAC-2 missile, which became known as Patriot Guidance Enhanced Missile Plus (GEM+). GEM+ missiles are essentially PAC-2 systems that still use the larger PAC-2 fragmentation missiles but are refurbished, modernized, and integrated with the PAC-3 system of radars, et. al. They are fielded by the USA and by foreign militaries. Israel, for instance, uses PAC-2 GEM+ missiles. In 2003, the U.S. launched approximately 20 PAC-2 missiles during Operation Iraqi Freedom, the majority of which were GEM+ interceptors.
A Raytheon release notes that “engineering support” includes system and software engineering, hardware engineering, system testing, quality assurance, configuration management, logistic support and program management. In particular, the contract funds specific tasks, including the implementation of the architecture for the first phase of the Combined Aggregate Program (CAP), CAP phase 2 studies, system of system architecture studies, Patriot Advanced Capability 3 (PAC-3) missile integration and missile segment enhancement, and conducting annual service practice missile firings.
The contract also calls for engineering services tasks to be performed specifically for Germany, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, the Netherlands, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Spain, Greece and Taiwan.
This is a sole source contract initiated on Aug. 26, 2003 by the Army Aviation and Missile Command in Redstone Arsenal, AL (W31P4Q-04-C-0020). Disbursements to date since the FY 2004 base award follow:
$134,439,578 (Jan 30/04) $13,024,563 (Mar 31/04) $06,622,227 (Apr 15/04) $12,215,000 (May 27/04) $05,369,995 (June 21/04) $15,741,631 (July 27/04) $05,479,130 (Aug 18/04) $17,527,691 (Sept 20/04) $07,476,313 (Oct 14/05) FY 2004 TL = $217.9 million $151.3 million (Feb 07/05) $ 19.3 million (May 12/05) $ 6.4 million (June 15/05) $ 11.4 million (July 13/05) $ 8.2 million (Aug 16/05) $ 12.1 million (Sept 16/05) FY 2005 TL = $208.7 million $ 65.0 million (Feb 2/06) $ 80.1 million (March 1/06) $ 5.3 million (March 30/06) $ 17.7 million (June 29/06) $ 8.5 million (Sept 1/06) $ 8.2 million (Sept 21/06) FY 2006 TL = $184.8 million.
Work for fiscal 2006 PATRIOT Engineering Services will be performed at Raytheon IDS HQ in Tewksbury, MA; its Integrated Air Defense Center in next-door Andover, MA; its Missile Defense Center in Woburn, MA; its Integrated Force Protection and Security Center in Huntsville, AL; its Mission Capability Verification Center at White Sands Missile Range, NM; and additional Raytheon facilities that include Burlington, MA and El Paso, TX. The vast majority of work is done in Tewksbury and Andover, MA.
Note that as the Patriot PAC-3 system advances and transitions, Raytheon’s work will advance with it. The CAP program aligns the Patriot system to incorporate and field Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS) Major End Items (MEIs) as they become available. CAP increment 2 introduces the MEADS MEIs for fielding.
According to Pentagon budgetary documents, the FY 2005 appropriations for the Patriot missile program were $568.4 million; $470 million to buy 108 missile sets and related equipment, and $98.4 million for R&D, which includes both modifications and Patriot improvement research. The FY 2006 appropriations for the Patriot missile program rose slightly, to $575.9 million; $483.3 million to buy 108 missile sets and related equipment, and $92.6 million for R&D.
With respect to Japan, note that the USA and Japan are working together on missile defense, with long-range naval SM-3 missiles as the outer layer and Patriot PAC-3s as the point defense component. Japan has also been licensed to produce its own Patriot PAC-3s.
Dec 27/06: Lockheed Martin Corp. in Grand Prairie, TX received a $376.9 million modification to a firm-fixed-price and cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for the Patriot PAC-3 FY 2007 production effort. Work will be performed in Grand Prairie, TX (53.6%), Lufkin, TX (2.6%), Camden, AK (4.4%), Huntsville, AL (28%), Chelmsford, MA (4.5%), Clearwater, FL (1%), and Atlanta, GA (5.9%), and is expected to be complete by July 31, 2009. This was a sole source contract initiated on March 24, 2006 by the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal, AL (W31P4Q-06-C-0180).
Dec 27/06: Raytheon Southeast Asia Systems Co. in Andover, MA received an $18.1 million modification to a firm-fixed-price contract for technical assistance for the Kuwaiti Patriot missile system. Work will be performed in Kuwait, and is expected to be completed by Jan. 2, 2011. This was a sole source contract initiated on June 30, 2006 by the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal, AL (W31P4Q-06-C-0232).
Sept 29/06: Raytheon Co. in West Andover, MA received a delivery order amount of $223.6 million as part of a $600.3 million firm-fixed-price contract for procurement of new spares for the Patriot Missile System. Work will be performed in West Andover, MA and is expected to be complete by Sept. 30, 2009. This was a sole source contract initiated on Sept. 3, 2003 by the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal, AL (W31P4Q-05-D-0029).
Sept 29/06: The US DSCA (Defense Security Cooperation Agency) notifies Congress of Japan’s request for 16 PAC-3 sets (each cannister contains 4 missiles, so 64 total missiles) plus support equipment, modification kits, publications, spare and repair parts, U.S. Government and contractor technical assistance and other related elements of logistics support. The estimated cost is $144 million. Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control in Dallas, TX is the prime contractor, and implementation will involve up to 2 U.S. Government representatives and up to 8 contractor representatives in Japan for two weeks following delivery. See full DSCA release [PDF].
September 28, 2006 – The US DSCA(Defense Security Cooperation Agency) notifies Congress of South Korea’s request for up to $1.5 billion worth of SINCGARS and Patriot missile system support equipment as well as associated equipment and services. In addition to a request for 58 AN/VRC-90E ITT Long-Range Radio System SINCGARS (Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System) vehicular systems, Korea is requesting two (2) 30 KW Electric Power Unit II, Patriot missile system support equipment including spare and repair parts, Information Coordination Centrals, maintenance equipment, transporters, calibration support, tools and test equipment, modification kits, system integration and check out, devices, documentation, personnel training and training equipment, technical support, and other related elements of logistics support. Korea needs this surface-to-air equipment to continue the upgrade of its air defense capabilities, and implementation of this proposed sale will involve up to 24 U.S. Government and contractor representatives for up to 2 years to participate in training, maintenance, program management and technical reviews in Korea. See full DSCA release.
Sept 6/06: Germany has requested a possible sale of 72 PAC-3 CRI(cost reduction initiative) missiles, and 12 each of Missile Round Trainers, support equipment sets, modification kits, publications, spare and repair parts, and other related elements of logistics support. The estimated cost if all options are exercised is $298 million. Germany already operates Patriot missiles, and requires no technical or contractor assistance. Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control in Dallas, TX is the contractor for the missiles et. al. See DSCA release [PDF format].
Sept 6/06: A delivery order amount of $135.1 million as part of a $376.7 million firm-fixed-price contract for new spares to support and maintain the Patriot Missile System. Work will be performed in Andover, MA and is expected to be complete by Sept. 30, 2009. This was a sole source contract initiated on Sept. 3, 2003 by the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command, Redstone Arsenal, AL (W31P4Q-05-D-0029).
August 24/06: Associated Press reports that the USA has offered Japan up to 80 Patriot PAC-3 missiles to boost its defenses following North Korea’s missile tests last month. Note that the report was very unclear re: the distinction between missiles and Patriot systems. Quoting NHK, AP noted that instead of deploying an unspecified number of locally produced missiles in 2008 or 2009, the missiles would be US-made and delivered to a Japanese military base in March 2007.
Japan’s Defense Agency will reportedly ask for an extra $100 million in the 2007 budget (219 billion yen or $1.87 billion for missile defense, up from 140 billion yen this year) to buy the missiles while local production gears up, in addition to the anticipated $1.88 billion Kyodo reported as the likely request for development and deployment of missile defenses. Kyodo adds that a supplementary budget will also be requested to speed up the deployment of the Patriot PAC-3 missiles.
June 30/06: A $7.7 million cost-plus-fixed-fee and cost-reimbursable contract for on-site depot level diagnostic, fault isolation, clean-up, and repair capability for the Patriot weapon system. Work will be performed in Korea (19.14%), Germany (8.76%), Tacoma, WA (10.39%), Qatar (9.79%), Killeen, TX (15.14%), Lawton, OK (7.05%), El Paso, TX (17.88%), Fayetteville, NC (8.68%), and Andover, MA (3.17%), and is expected to be complete by June 16, 2010. Contract This was a sole source contract initiated on Dec. 15, 2005 by the Army Aviation and Missile Command, Redstone Arsenal, AL (W31P4Q-06-C-0352).
June 26/06: AP reports that the U.S. military will deploy 3-4 Patriot PAC-3 batteries on the southern island of Okinawa by the end of 2006, and sending 500-600 additional U.S. troops. In related news, testing of the USA’s X-Band ABM radar at its new location in JASDF Shariki at Tsugaru, 360 miles northeast of Tokyo, has been moved ahead by several weeks. In addition, a previously negotiated agreement to expand cooperation on a joint ballistic missile defense shield and joint production of interceptor missiles was formally signed.
The moves come as North Korea prepares to test-fire a Taepodong-2 ballistic missile at a launch site on its northeastern coast. See Military.com for more details.
June 5/06: Raytheon’s Patriot PAC-2 Guidance Enhanced Missiles (GEM+) destroyed two surrogate ballistic missile targets highlighting a successful test flight at White Sands Missile Range, NM. This was the first of four development flight tests to be conducted by the Army’s Patriot Lower Tier Project Office using Raytheon’s newly developed Patriot system post deployment build-6 (PDB-6) software. Many foreign militaries use the PAC-2 version, so these upgrades offer the potential for an immediate capability boost. See details in corporate release.
April 19/06: Lockheed Martin Corp. in Grand Prairie, TX received a $379.8 million firm-fixed-price and cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for 112 PAC-3 missiles, launcher mod kits, parts library, storage and aging, missile and midsection audits, interim contractor depot support, PALS FSC, shorting plugs, test set cables, concurrent spares, and replenishment spares for the PATIROT PAC-3. The PAC-3 Missile Segment upgrade consists of the PAC-3 Missile, the PAC-3 Missile canister (which holds four PAC-3 missiles), a Fire Solution Computer and an Enhanced Launcher Electronics System.
Work on this contract will be performed in Grand Prairie, TX (53.6%), Lufkin, TX (2.6%), Camden, AR (4.4%), Huntsville, AL (28%), Chelmsford, MA (4.5%), Clearwater, FL (1%), and Atlanta, GA (5.9%), and is expected to be complete by July 31, 2008. This was a sole source contract initiated on March 31, 2005 by the Army Aviation and Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal, AL (W31P4Q-06-C-0180). See May 4 Lockheed release.
April 3/06: Raytheon Co. in Andover, MA received a delivery order amount of $46.9 million as part of a firm-fixed-price and cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for the “Continuous Technology Refreshment of Patriot PAC-2 Forebodies to GEM+ Frequency Generator Upgrade.” Rayhteon reports that this is the eleventh delivery order awarded for GEM+ upgrades, for a total contract value of $256 million. This was a sole source contract initiated on June 30, 1999 by the Army Aviation and Missile Command, Redstone Arsenal, AL (DAAH01-00-D-0004).
As noted above, GEM+ missiles are essentially PAC-2 interceptors that have been refurbished, modernized, and integrated with the PAC-3 system of radars, et. al. Since the program’s inception in 2000, Raytheon has received awards for 770 GEM+ upgrades and has delivered 515 consistently on or ahead of schedule, with the remainder on track for delivery in 2006 and 2007. Work will be performed in Andover, MA, and is expected to be complete by Aug. 31, 2008. See also Raytheon press release.
April 3/06: Lockheed Martin Corp. in Grand Prairie, TX received a $6.1 million increment as part of a $36.4 million cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for Development and Maintenance of a PAC-3 Missile Support Center. Work will be performed in Grand Prairie, TX and is expected to be complete by Jan. 31, 2007. This was a sole source contract initiated on Dec. 13, 2005 by the Army Aviation and Missile Command, Redstone Arsenal, AL (W31P4Q-04-C-0125).
March 21/06: Lockheed Martin Corp. in Grand Prairie, TX received a $250.1 million modification to a firm-fixed-price contract for production of PATRIOT PAC-3 missiles. Work will be performed in Grand Prairie, TX (87%), Chelmsford, MA (7%), Camden, AR (4%), and Lufkin, TX (2%), and is expected to be complete by Dec. 31, 2010. This was a sole source contract initiated on May 27, 2004 by the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal, AL (W31P4Q-05-C-0051).
Feb 2/06: Raytheon in Andover, MA received a $13.5 million modification to a cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for the Patriot (PAC-2) Missile Support Center. Work will be performed in Andover, MA and is expected to be completed by Jan. 31, 2008. This was a sole source contract initiated on Nov. 9, 2004 by the Army Aviation and Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal, AL (W31P4Q-05-C-0033). This two-year award follows exactly one year after the original $7.1 million contract was issued for CY (calendar year) 2005.
Dec 1/05: Northrop Grumman Space and Mission Systems in Redondo Beach, CA received a $6.9 million cost-plus-fixed-fee R&D contract. They are to develop and demonstrate a wafer-scale assembly (WSA) process for a batch fabricated SMART three-dimensional cell that will enable affordable, scalable, high performance architectures for millimeter-wave arrays. Solicitation began March 2005 and seven proposals were received. Negotiations were complete November 2005, and work will be complete by October 2007. The Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH issued the contract. (FA8650-06-C-7600).
- Raytheon – Patriot Data Sheet. Excellent resource for identifying the exact improvements made for each new version of the Patriot PAC-2 and PAC-3.